The Spanish architect Ricardo Bofill has died at the age of 82. Perhaps the country’s most acclaimed and best-known contemporary architect, Bofill’s long career saw him carve a distinctive personal path through the built environment, incorporating rich colours and abstract forms.

His work frequently accommodated the physical or spiritual detritus of earlier movements, most notably in his own home and studio, a vast converted cement factory just outside of Barcelona, yet he stood apart from an association with any one style or approach.

La Pirámide building in spain
La Pirámide, 1976, a Mayan-style temple adjoining a motorway on the border between Spain and France

Born in 1939, Bofill was immersed in the life and culture of Catalonia from an early age. His father Emilio was an architect and builder, albeit an unregistered one, with close personal connections to Barcelona’s rich cultural scene. Emilio played a major role in the establishment and first works of his son’s studio, which came to embrace not just architecture but other disciplines like poetry, economics, and literary criticism. 

colourful Family House in Girona
Family House, Girona, 1973

Established in 1963, Ricardo Bofill Taller de Arquitectura’s most accomplished works were in the sphere of housing. Two projects in particular, Walden 7 and La Muralla Roja (The Red Wall) stood out. Both have received fresh attention in our image-saturated digital world, with striking polychromatic forms that are never off the modern cultural radar for long.

In 2021, the South Korean drama series Squid Game added another metatextual layer, with sets and environments that seem to make direct reference to the Escher-esque stairs and bright colours of The Red Wall housing in Calpe, Alicante. Built between 1968 and 1973, The Red Wall is timeless in its appearance, just like the stacked apartments of the Walden 7 block, sited alongside the Taller de Arquitectura in Barcelona.

La Muralla Roja and pink architecture by Bofill
La Muralla Roja (The Red Wall), Calpe, Spain, 1973

As well as housing, other major projects include Barcelona’s National Theatre of Catalonia, two terminals at Josep Tarradellas Barcelona–El Prat Airport, the Shiseido HQ in Tokyo, and projects in Chicago, Paris, and Casablanca. Work continues on the campus of the Mohammed VI Polytechnic University in Morocco, as well as other projects, all overseen by Bofill’s sons, Ricardo Emilio and Pablo, who run the 100-strong office today.

They represent the third generation of this remarkable creative family, which will continue to make a substantial mark on the built environment. Under Bofill’s direction, the Taller designed over 1,000 buildings in 40 countries. 

interior of the entrance lobby at Palacio Municipal de Congresos de Madrid
Palacio Municipal de Congresos de Madrid, 1992

One can read a Bofill building as if it were a piece of art, a carefully considered layering of form and colour married to a love of light and space. Long before we all became obsessive curators of our personal environments, Bofill was proposing architecture as something that served as a giant backdrop to our lives, the bigger and more epic the better. This didn’t always work out, with his housing estate in Marne-la-Vallée in France, Les Espaces d’Abraxas, tipping over into bleak, impersonal neo-classicism.

When it all came together, his work was strikingly distinct. Much of his oeuvre was captured in Gestalten’s 2019 monograph, Ricardo Bofill: Visions of Architecture, a lavish celebration of the Taller de Arquitectura’s work.

Mohammed VI Polytechnic University showcases ochre architecture against blue skies
Mohammed VI Polytechnic University, Ben Guerir, Morocco, 2016-ongoing

Two years ago, we were proud to present Hamburg-based architectural photographer Sebastian Weiss’ series on The Red Wall. ‘It is such an absurdly beautiful and surreal location,’ the photographer said at the time, noting presciently that it ‘appears sometimes like a film set or a staging’.

Just like a stage, Bofill’s best works encouraged you to live life as if it was a role, appreciate the changing dynamics of the surroundings, animated by the play of light and shadow, wall and window. The city was his canvas, and the world is a little poorer for his passing. § 

 
the factory by ricardo bofill
The Factory. Photography: courtesy of Ricardo Bofill Taller Arquitectura
the factory and bofill studio engulfed in foliage
The Factory. Photography: courtesy of Ricardo Bofill Taller Arquitectura
 
aerial of Bofill’s Factory in Barcelona

The Factory. Photography: courtesy of Ricardo Bofill Taller Arquitectura